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Starting you own business can be very exciting, you want to make the best product, the best marketing campaign, the best web site, but sometimes in the excitement we miss things that in the long run, can demage us. We don’t want that to happen to you, and luckily for you, we will help you. In the matter of web sites, there’s a world of possibilities where everybody can promise you “the best hosting service”, “the one you need”, “perfect for you” and so on… Do not make the mistake of believing that choosing a wrong hosting provider will not have a negative impact on your business. In fact, today can be one of the most important decisions of your administration, as it can affect from your income to the way your customers see you. So, how do you know which is the best hosting service for my web site? Or you might be wondering “wait, what “hosting” even means? In this article we will prepare you really quickly for the world of hosting services so you can defend yourself like a pro and choose the best one for your needs.
Let’s start with the basics: What is Web Hosting? Web hosting is the service to store and maintain information, videos, images, databases, or any type of content that can be viewed through the internet, generally using a web browser. The term is an analogy to hotel accommodation, where a client occupies a specific room. Following the analogy, a computer connected to the Internet is the "hotel", where the clients' files are "hosted". In this case, the "web hosting" refers to occupying a space on this server, where we will place our files, emails, website, etc.
A hosting has three parts Domain name This is the key part of your hosting, without it, there would be virtually no hosting. A domain would be the equivalent of the address of your business or office: the address is not your business, but the instructions where it is. See this example: www.yourbusiness.com You need a clear address (a good domain name) for your web page. Your domain name will be something like you.
Web Space or Hosting This is the space on the hard disk of the server that you rent to place your website and receive your emails, is simply the space on the hard disk of a dedicated server, with nothing in it. This is where your designer will place your files of your web page, images of your products, price list, etc. It is also the space where your emails will arrive before receiving them on your computer or mobile device. Without this space there is nowhere to place your files, and your domain will not work. It would be like having an address that does not lead anywhere.
Your Files and Databases These are the files that make up your website, blog, forums or any other file that you decide to use. They can be PHP, HMTL, mp3 files, etc. It is also the database of your email accounts and their contents.
What are the types of hosting and which should I choose? Although there are other types of Web Hosting Services designed to cover very specific needs, the main types of Hosting or Web Hosting Services currently available are the following:
Free Hosting Free Hosting is a Web Hosting Service for which we do not have to pay anything. Normally the functionalities offered by this type of hosting are very limited. Thus, both the space available to host the files on our website and the monthly transfer are usually very small. These hosting services are usually free because they introduce advertising within the web pages that are hosted using them. This is a good option if you are starting and want to test somewhere without paying out yet
Advantages: •It costs you nothing. •Good option to do tests.
•Lack of technical support (its weakest point) •The resources are usually very limited, like little hard disk space, little memory, do not include emails, etc. so you will not have enough to develop a complete web page. •Many server crashes. For this model to work, providers saturate their servers with many more clients than they would normally have, causing frequent crashes and slow sites. so this saturation causes your site to be constantly offline or very slow, giving a bad impression with both customers and search engines •Security: Having so many users and so many security holes, these servers are easy targets for hackers. In addition, many users abuse the free services to try to send spam (spam) causing your site to be spammed by the fact of being on the same server as them. As you can see, this is not the kind of service you want to have for your business page. Since there is no guarantee in the service, your website may disappear from one moment to another and you will not have anyone to complain to.
Shared Hosting Shared Hosting or Shared Web Hosting consists of hosting several web pages in the same Web Server, so that the resources of said server are shared among all the web pages hosted in it. In this way the costs of the Web Server are shared among all the websites hosted on it, resulting in a fairly cheap web hosting service that is suitable for web pages that do not have special requirements or a very high number of monthly visits.
•This type of service already includes much larger amounts of hard disk space, bandwidth and email accounts. •Almost always includes a free domain with the hiring of the service. •It's a cheap hosting, because there is a lot of competition, and companies are looking for more competitive prices.
•Some providers can saturate their servers, and give a low quality service. •The provider must maintain its servers very well and be strict in the use policies, since some users may abuse the service (sending many emails and saturating the server, for example), causing problems to others. •Systems updates: That users should be responsible for updating their systems such as WP, etc. (optional)
VPS (Virtual Private Servers) In this case what we hire is a virtual server. That is to say, the company providing the hosting service uses the virtualization technique to divide an actual Web Server into several Virtual Servers. When we hire one of these virtual servers, we can work with it as if it were a Web server not shared and that only we have access, but really we will be sharing the resources of the actual Web server with the other hosted in the Virtual Private Servers.
•You get the services of a dedicated server for a fraction of the price. •It is easily scalable, so you can ask your provider to adjust it according to your needs, either to grow or to decrease it. •The level of support is much higher than in shared hosting. •This is a good service for hosting resellers, as they can create an unlimited number of shared hosting (as long as they are within the limit of the contracted resources). Disadvantages:
•The price is already much higher than in shared hosting. •You need more technical knowledge, to be able to take advantage of the characteristics of your VPS, or hire a managed service to have better results. •You may still have limitations, as you continue to share resources with several clients that are on the same server.
Dedicated Servers When we hire a dedicated server, that server will be uniquely and exclusively used by us. In this case all the resources of the server are available for the use that we want to give it. Advantage:
•Exclusive use of computer equipment •You get the best technical service and guarantees. •You have complete control over what you do or install on your server. •It is the option that offers you the greatest security.
Disadvantages: •The price increases considerably. •You need to have more advanced knowledge for administration (or you can hire a managed server).
Hosting in the Cloud This is a relatively new option, where your hosting service is distributed in a network of servers, which together share the resources to offer different structures according to the needs of each client.
Advantages: •Highly flexible, you can increase or decrease hard disk space, processing capacity, RAM, etc. •It can be adjusted for special events, such as a fair or sales season, and you only contract what you are going to use at that time and then return to the plan you had. Disadvantages:
•You may have saturation problems such as shared hosting if it is not managed correctly. •Currently the distribution of databases can be slower than in a dedicated server.
Now you are prepared to pick the best hosting service that YOUR business need.
Mailtrag This mail serves is available in two editions : Professional and Essential. The professional edition is provided an extensive set of features, such as POP3, HTTP, IMAP, SMTP, NNTP, webmail, anti-spam service. These features allow also direct synchronization to allow the use of this mail server on mobile phones, such as BlackBerry, iPhone and similar devices. The Essential version has only basic POP3, SMTP and mailbox functions, but these functions are enough for basic users. There is also free version of this Mail server, it is called Maltraq4Home, but it has a very limited number of users and set of functions, though for home use it is also enough. All mails are stored in a database. Each mailbox has a dedicated pair of files. A SQL database stores all mailboxes in a separate file. This mail server has a high level of security and anti-spam protection, that makes it a good solution for office and home use.
MMDF This mail server was designed at a university in Delaware in 1970. Sure it has had many changes since that, and these changes have made it into a powerful mail server with high level of security. MMDF handles mails in a different way than other similar servers. Its specific software and configuration is limited to choices in existing rewriting opportunities, but this way the configuration becomes simpler for administering and more reliable when speaking about security. The main types of tables are: domain tables, channel tables and alias tables. So, a message which comes to MMDF has the following path: a channel gets the message, then a program (submit) feeds the message, stores its text, does the necessary rewriting. Then another program (deliver) processes the message, each channel delivers the message to recipients, then deliver updates the addresses, to which the message was delivered and removes the message. This seems to be a rather difficult and long process, but this way you can be sure that you ca use this server securely.
This is a commercial mail server designed by Linux so it offers mail solutions for Linux and Unix software. as it is a commercial solution, it works only in agreement with conditions of a commercial licence. It serves three main functions: E-mail server – is designed to leverage the open source projects and to provide easy management via a user-friendly control panel; Webmail Client – offers a full mail platform solution; Groupware - it provides a complete web-based client, supports of share calendars and so on; Appliance – a solution for enterprises, customized for running the pre-installed Email Server Software; Mail Cloud – it is a good solution for small and medium businesses, also it is a response to other cloud solutions, such as Google Apps, Microsoft. For now this mail serves is mostly used by large businesses, as it is a commercial product which has all the necessary features for a big organization. But use it for a small business or at home is rather not reasonable.
hMailServer is a product created for Windows, so it works on this operational system. It is a free products that includes main administration tools for backup and management. It supports POP3, IMAP, SMTP. it also uses engines like MySQL, in order to store the configurations, but the email messages on themselves are stored on a disc with direct support. also common features are present, so you can enjoy domain support, catch-all, basic mailing, aliases, mailing lists and so on. hMailServer also has a very reliable anti-spam protection. it also provides such features as domain and account signatures, server side rules, messages retrieval, plus addressing, attachment blocking, SMTP routes for some domains, APi, SSL support. One of the main advantages of this software is that user can chose on their own what features shall be implemented in their software by using a voting system. In any case this software is a goob solution both for home and for any kind of business.
MagicMail is a mail server designed for tier-2 internet service provider. It runs on a LinuxMagic operating system and uses open source technologies combined with its own technologies. This mail serves supports SMTP, IMAP, POP3 protocols, it s provided by anti-virus and anti-spam features, besides it can support the newest billing solutions and assist CALEA compliance. The commercial version gives an opportunity for unlimited user licences what is very convenient for big enterprises. For home use it is possible to use simpler versions. Webmail has two versions: for Tuxedo and Webmail Life. The first version is developed for high volume environments, the second one uses SSL connections with calendar, spell-checker and other tools in minimalistic design. So the user can chose a version that is more convenient for you.
Microsoft Exchange Server Microsoft Exchange Server is a product designed by Microsoft. it consist of mail, calendaring, tasks, contacts, it works with Outlook, wireless mail synchronization. Microsoft Exchange Server runs on PC and Mac, with major mobile devices, it also supports data storage and many other newest features. It is provided with a number of filters, such as: connection filter - for blocking messages from manually supported IP addresses; recipient filter – for stopping spammers from guessing addresses; sender ID filtering;–intelligent message filter - block suspicious messages or directs them to Junk Mail Folder in Outlook. It is available in Standard Edition and Enterprise Edition. The Standard Edition has limits for stored volume, number of users and some features. The Enterprise Edition allows a bigger variety of services and features which will be extremely convenient for big enterprises.
Postfix is a free mail server that is used for routing and delivery of electronic mails. It is fast, easy and secure. It is released under a free licence, so anybody can use it. Postfix offers: high level of security; support of SMTP ad advanced filtering (the software is able to check not only the body of mail, but also its meta-information, such as sender, recipient, helo, client); different data bases, such as CDB, LDAP, SGLite and other; Virtual domains; address rewriting; compatibility with many operational systems, especially operational systems developed on Linux base. Postfix has a high protection level of protection against buffer overflows, so it can manage high volumes of emails. It can also work on different daemons. Each daemon uses minimum privileges when it is fulfilling a task, this way the impact is limited only to that daemon and cannot affect the entire system. That provides a higher level of security to the system.
Smail 3 is a mail server that works on Unix operation systems. It is a free software and can be used under the GNU GPL licence, thought it is not a solution of Free Software Foundation. It is used for checking mails and routing between networks. It has been for a long time a very popular mail server but now there are serious competitors, such as Exim for example. Smail 3 also allows a monolithic design though it is considered a less secure one. In this case the program runs with full system privileges, so in case of virus the whole system is affected. Despite f this the security of this mail serves is on a very high level. It has the main mailing functions so is good for use at home and in small enterprises.
Synovel Collabsuite is a free mail server that works on Linux operating system that support not only mailing, but also calendaring and chat. It has anti-spam protection, anti-–virus protection. You can use it via Desktop, internet, mobile, so it is convenient as supports many devices. Besides, here you can use also calendaring features, contact list, instant messenger on multiply platform, system of archiving, mobile emailing, internet administration panel. it is an open source mail server, you can use it under the terms of a number of licences, mostly Mozilla tri-licence. It works with any client, there is no need in a vendor lock-in. It is good for home use and for businesses. Besides, its high level of customization ability allows you to make it unique according to your needs.
Sendmail is a mail server that provides message processing, mail transfer, mail delivery, supports SMTP and email transport over the internet. It is free source software designed for Unix-like operation systems. This mail server was created long time ago, when the question of internet security was not a problem, that is why early versions suffered from a number of security vulnerabilities, but in later versions they were taken into consideration and removed. Nowadays this server has a high level of security and supports mail transfer protocols, such as SMTP, ESMPT, HylaFax, UUCP. Sendmail provides support for Open Source MTA users. In latest versions is introduced the support of mitlters. So, as you can see, it is a good solution for home use and for businesses too.
Would you be interested in submitting a guest post on georgemartjr.com or possibly allowing us to submit a post to serverstalk.net ? Maybe you know by now that links are essential to building a brand online? If you are interested in submitting a post and obtaining a link to serverstalk.net , let me know and we will get it published in a speedy manner to our blog.
AT&T said Tuesday its network is now live in parts of 12 cities across the United States, with the first mobile 5G device arriving on Friday, December 21. According to an AT&T spokesperson , the company's 5G network is already up and running in parts of the previously promised dozen cities: Atlanta, Charlotte, Dallas, Houston, Indianapolis, Jacksonville, Louisville, Oklahoma City, New Orleans, Raleigh, San Antonio, and Waco. However, the first consumer device that will be able to access that network, Netgear's Nighthawk 5G Mobile Hotspot, will become available just ahead of the Christmas holiday.
The company also revealed that it will be using the name "5G+" for the part of its network that will use millimeter wave spectrum and technologies, and it said the Nighthawk 5G Mobile Hotspot will run on that 5G+ network. [...] AT&T's 5G pricing is also interesting. Like Verizon, AT&T is offering an initial promotion that makes the hardware and 5G service cheap up front, with new pricing set to follow later. Early adopters from the consumer, small business, and business markets will be able to "get the mobile 5G device and wireless data at no cost for at least 90 days," AT&T says, with new pricing beginning in spring 2019. At that point, the Nighthawk 5G Mobile Hotspot will cost $499 outright, with 15GB of 5G service priced at $70 per month, which AT&T calls "comparable" to its current $50 monthly charge for 10GB of 4G data. ( https://venturebeat.com/2018/12/18/att-opens-5g-network-in-12-u-s-cities-announces-pricing-for-first-5g-mobile-device-and-service/)
Amazon may have turned off its Oracle data warehouse in favor of Amazon Web Services database technology, but no one else in their right mind would, Oracle's outspoken co-founder and CTO Larry Ellison says. "We have a huge technology leadership in database over Amazon," Ellison said on a conference call following the release of Oracle's second quarter financial results. "In terms of technology, there is no way that... any normal person would move from an Oracle database to an Amazon database." During last month's AWS re:Invent conference, AWS CTO Werner Vogels gave an in-the-weeds talk explaining why Amazon turned off its Oracle data warehouse. In a clear jab at Oracle, Vogels wrote off the "90's technology" behind most relational databases. Cloud native databases, he said, are the basis of innovation.
The remarks may have gotten under Ellison's skin. Moving from Oracle databases to AWS "is just incredibly expensive and complicated," he said Monday. "And you've got to be willing to give up tons of reliability, tons of security, tons of performance... Nobody, save maybe Jeff Bezos, gave the command, 'I want to get off the Oracle database." Ellison said that Oracle will not only hold onto its 50 percent relational database market share but will expand it, thanks to the combination of Oracle's new Generation 2 Cloud infrastructure and its autonomoius database technology. "You will see rapid migration of Oracle from on-premise to the Oracle public cloud," he said. "Nobody else is going to go through that forced march to go on to the Amazon database." ( https://www.zdnet.com/article/oracles-ellison-no-way-a-normal-person-would-move-to-aws/)
Last week we reported that Windows 10 October 2018 Update is rolling out to more devices if the users manually check for updates. Today, Microsoft has updated the support document to announce that Windows 10 October 2018 Update is now widely available.
The support document says that Windows 10 October 2018 Update will start downloading if the user manually opens the Settings page and tap on ‘Check for updates’ button.
“Rollout Status as of December 17, 2018: Windows 10, version 1809, is now fully available for advanced users who manually select “Check for updates” via Windows Update,” the updated support document reads.
Most of the devices are compatible with Windows 10 October 2018 Update and the new version of the OS is available for a wide variety of configurations. Microsoft has started pushing the update out to more devices as the company is not aware of any other critical issues in Windows 10 version 1809 and the users are also not reporting any new problems.
It’s important to note that the October 2018 Update isn’t always offered automatically on all devices but manually checking for updates from Windows Update now offers Windows 10 version 1809. In most of the cases, you won’t experience any unexpected issues during or after the installation.
Even if you explicitly tell Facebook to not track your location, it says it will still use your IP address to track your location. Aleksandra Korolova has turned off Facebook's access to her location in every way that she can. She has turned off location history in the Facebook app and told her iPhone that she "Never" wants the app to get her location. She doesn't "check-in" to places and doesn't list her current city on her profile.
Despite all this, she constantly sees location-based ads on Facebook. She sees ads targeted at "people who live near Santa Monica" (where she lives) and at "people who live or were recently near Los Angeles" (where she works as an assistant professor at the University of Southern California). When she traveled to Glacier National Park, she saw an ad for activities in Montana, and when she went on a work trip to Cambridge, Massachusetts, she saw an ad for a ceramics school there. Facebook was continuing to track Korolova's location for ads despite her signaling in all the ways that she could that she didn't want Facebook doing that.
[...] "There is no way for people to opt out of using location for ads entirely," said a Facebook spokesperson by email. "We use city and zip level location which we collect from IP addresses and other information such as check-ins and current city from your profile to ensure we are providing people with a good service -- from ensuring they see Facebook in the right language, to making sure that they are shown nearby events and ads for businesses that are local to them." ( https://gizmodo.com/turning-off-facebook-location-tracking-doesnt-stop-it-f-1831149148)
Inside Amazon , the items are known as CRaP , short for "Can't Realize a Profit." Think bottled beverages or snack foods [Editor's note: the link may be paywalled; alternative source] . The products tend to be priced at $15 or less, are sold directly by Amazon, and are heavy or bulky and therefore costly to ship -- characteristics that make for thin or nonexistent margins. Now, as Amazon focuses more on its bottom line in addition to its rapid growth, it is increasingly taking aim at CRaP products, according to major brand executives and people familiar with the company's thinking.
In recent months, it has been eliminating unprofitable items and pressing manufacturers to change their packaging to better sell online, according to brands that sell on Amazon and consultants who work with them. One example: bottled water from Coca-Cola Co. Amazon used to have a $6.99 six-pack of Smartwater as the default order on some of its Dash buttons, a small device that allows for automatic reordering with a single press. But in August, after working with Coca-Cola to change how it ships and sells the water, Amazon notified Dash customers it was changing that default item to a 24-pack for $37.20.